Day Creek landowners in midst of authorized combat with Skagit Fisheries Enhancement Group | Setting


DAY CREEK — On a cold, overcast winter morning, fog clung to the foothills of the North Cascades within the distance as Nan Monk and Michael Mahaffey bounced of their truck, navigating soggy terrain between their house and the wooded banks of Day Creek.

The couple stated the panorama they now tread fastidiously with a purpose to keep away from getting caught within the mud was as soon as dry, and earlier than changing into sodden, the grasses there have been utilized by space farmers to feed their livestock.

However a lot has modified lately for the creek and the panorama that surrounds it.

“I used to come back down right here to meditate,” Mahaffey stated as he seemed on the dashing creek from a financial institution that, in his eyes, has been turned from inexperienced refuge to a silt- and stump-covered mess. “I don’t even like coming down right here anymore.”

These adjustments adopted a Skagit Fisheries Enhancement Group mission aimed toward restoring fish habitat in Day Creek, which is a significant tributary to the Skagit River in an space throughout the river from Lyman.

Mahaffey and Monk, together with a few of their neighbors, blame the Skagit Fisheries mission for adjustments to their properties and are within the midst of the primary litigation towards the regional nonprofit.

“That is their first class-action lawsuit and we didn’t do it willy-nilly. We gave it cautious thought,” Monk stated.

Skagit Fisheries Enhancement Group Government Director Allison Studley stated the group’s lawyer has suggested employees to not touch upon the lawsuit.

Three married {couples} and one single landowner shaped a gaggle known as the Involved Residents for Day Creek and filed a Property Equity Act lawsuit in Skagit County Superior Court docket on Could 20, 2019.

Involved Residents for Day Creek and Skagit Fisheries Enhancement Group had a mediation listening to this week. A settlement is being thought-about.


Skagit Fisheries is considered one of a number of regional habitat restoration organizations created underneath the Regional Fisheries Enhancement Group Program the state Legislature established in 1990.

The Day Creek Habitat Restoration mission price no less than $730,000, based on mission information. It obtained state funding throughout three phases.

The majority of the funding got here in 2008. That 12 months the state Division of Ecology awarded Skagit Fisheries about $229,000 and the Salmon Restoration Funding Board about $179,000 for the mission.

Skagit Fisheries additionally invested about $76,000 within the mission, based on state Recreation and Conservation Workplace information.

The mission centered on the putting of 31 “massive woody particles” buildings alongside a few mile of the creek, based on mission paperwork. It additionally concerned the removing of invasive vegetation together with Himalayan blackberry and reed canarygrass, and the planting of native timber together with Western pink cedar, Sitka spruce, Douglas fir and pink alder on 10 acres.


The position of 31 massive woody particles buildings is proven in Day Creek, alongside properties owned by Michael Mahaffey and Nan Monk, James and Margaret Tierney, Charlene and Morris Robinson, and Robert Blair.

The concept, based on mission paperwork, was so as to add habitat selection to the creek and to enhance riparian vegetation alongside the creek’s banks to assist shade and funky the water for fish.

Mahaffey and Monk stated they have been amongst landowners who agreed to the habitat mission as a result of they worth nature and care about restoring Skagit River salmon. However the mission didn’t unfold the best way they anticipated.

“I’m simply baffled … watching this mission deteriorate,” Mahaffey stated.

The couple owns a 40-acre creekside farm the place they transformed an outdated dairy barn right into a lodge. Along with previous farming income, the couple has primarily made a dwelling internet hosting occasions, notably creekside weddings with friends staying on the lodge and in a position to camp on the property.

A lot of that income stream has dried up as a result of the picturesque promoting level of the venue has vanished.

“I needed to flip a bride down simply right this moment,” Mahaffey stated as he walked alongside the creek. “We used to have the ability to have huge marriage ceremony events down right here.”


Michael Mahaffey stands within the “creekside glen,” an space beforehand marketed for weddings.

For the couple, the lack of what they as soon as marketed as a creekside “glen” has been an enormous monetary hit.

They’re joined within the lawsuit by neighbors James and Margaret Tierney, Charlene and Morris Robinson, and Robert Blair. Every contends their properties, too, have been impacted by what Involved Residents for Day Creek calls a restoration mission gone incorrect.

The mission introduced multi-ton woody particles buildings to the Day Creek neighborhood. Every construction included a number of logs and a number of other boulders as much as 10,000 kilos sure along with metal cables.

A number of of the buildings have been positioned the place the creek flows via the Monk-Mahaffey property.

“We wouldn’t have gone ahead if we had recognized what these items may do to the land,” Monk stated of the log-and-boulder buildings.

Wooden and rock particles have been as soon as naturally widespread in Day Creek and different tributaries of the Skagit River. That particles is vital in offering a wide range of habitats, comparable to swimming pools the place fish can take refuge from fast-moving water.

These sorts of habitat options declined in the course of the pioneering period following logging, diking and growth alongside waterways together with Day Creek, based on mission paperwork.

Shrinking fish populations are attributed partly to that lack of habitat. Chinook salmon and steelhead trout are of explicit concern within the Skagit River watershed and larger Puget Sound area due to federal Endangered Species Act listings and the species’ continued low numbers.

The Day Creek mission was aimed toward benefitting chinook, in addition to steelhead and the opposite salmon and trout — coho, chum, pink, sockeye and bull — recognized to make use of the creek throughout migration, spawning and rearing, based on mission paperwork.

It’s unclear how profitable the mission has been in serving to the fish populations.

Monk and Mahaffey stated when it comes to riparian well being, it seems to them that the mission backfired.

Intense flooding and sediment circulation following the mission have taken down timber alongside eroded banks, in addition to choked creekside timber which might be nonetheless standing. Additionally, downed timber have contributed to logjams constructed up behind the big woody particles buildings.

“We’ve misplaced over 100 timber, which is ironic as a result of the entire concept is to make timber on the creek to maintain the water cool for salmon,” Mahaffey stated.

Google Earth view frmo R2 technical report 2017 .png

Aerial imagery exhibits how a logjam constructed up over three years time, from when two massive woody particles buildings have been seen in Day Creek in 2013 to once they have been buried beneath particles in 2014. 

Issues with the mission proceed to stack up.

Most lately, Mahaffey and Monk have famous the cables used to bind the logs and boulders collectively have frayed, leaving sharp and rusted metallic uncovered in a creek the place their grandchildren and lodge friends typically swim in the summertime.

“I don’t care if the logs keep, the boulders keep, however the cables aren’t pure and so they may do quite a lot of injury to any person,” Monk stated.

The couple is asking on the very least that the cables are eliminated and that the most important logjam be dismantled to alleviate flooding and erosion.

They stated a request for monetary compensation for damages “for the financial institution erosion and the tree loss and the land loss” can be being sought however an quantity has not been publicly disclosed.

Involved Residents for Day Creek allege that property damages ensuing from the habitat mission represent ongoing trespass and nuisance points, and warrant compensation.

Their Could 2019 authorized grievance states that the buildings positioned within the creek led to avulsion, erosion and redirection of the creek, bringing water onto and underneath their properties, and damaging timber, use of their land and enterprise alternatives via “intentional and/or negligent actions.”

In July 2019, Skagit Fisheries launched a 3rd get together into the grievance, alleging {that a} marketing consultant the group employed — R2 Useful resource Consultants, of Redmond — is responsible for any hostile results of the mission.

R2 Useful resource Consultants has argued that it has no place within the lawsuit, however Skagit County Superior Court docket Decide Thomas Verge disagreed.

In response, Involved Residents for Day Creek amended the lawsuit in September to incorporate R2 Useful resource Consultants as a celebration in its grievance.

“Little doubt exists that R2’s work is said to the damages alleged on this case,” Skagit Fisheries’ lawyer wrote in a authorized submitting.

In April 2010, Skagit Fisheries entered right into a contract with R2 for hydrologic modeling of the Day Creek mission.

Skagit Fisheries wrote in numerous courtroom filings that the group relied on R2 for its hydrologic and engineering experience throughout mission design, development and whereas trying to deal with early landowner considerations via July 2017.

“Earlier than, throughout, and after set up of the Day Creek Challenge, SFEG employed and relied on the providers of R2 for the engineering providers obligatory,” Skagit Fisheries’ courtroom filings state.

R2 Useful resource Consultants Challenge Supervisor Paul DeVries didn’t reply to a request for remark.

Some mission paperwork describe the Day Creek watershed as an inherently dynamic panorama. Rivers and creeks are recognized to flood and to alter course over time — and scientists have lengthy stated local weather change will exacerbate these fluctuations within the Northwest.

A 2017 technical memo R2 Useful resource Consultants wrote after reviewing landowner complaints stated the Day Creek mission website had up to now and would sooner or later, with or with out fish-focused initiatives, proceed to erode and modify its path.

The creek “must be anticipated to proceed to regulate its mattress, banks, and floodplain in response to not solely these actions, but in addition in response to different massive scale elements past our management comparable to sediment inputs, wooden loading from upstream areas, adjustments within the hydrologic regime resulting from local weather change, and different sources of variation,” the memo states.

Dynamic river and creek from project documents.png

Rivers and creeks are recognized to flood and forge new paths over time, and this map exhibits how Day Creek and the Skagit River are believed to have modified course over a interval from 1879 to 2001. 

Years earlier, Skagit Fisheries included in a neighborhood flier in regards to the potential for habitat work in Day Creek that so long as folks have lived close to rivers, the specter of flooding has been a priority. Challenge paperwork additionally included maps depicting how Day Creek and the Skagit River are believed to have modified course over a interval from 1879 to 2001.

A 3rd-party ecologist Monk and Mahaffey invited to the mission website additionally wrote in a letter in Could 2018, which was later entered into the courtroom file, that the mission seemingly merely accelerated the inevitable: change of a waterway.

“It’s seemingly that a variety of the noticed points on the website would have finally occurred with out the engineered log jam mission … but it surely additionally seems that the log jam mission has accelerated these processes,” the letter states.

That ecologist additionally wrote that the best way the mission unfolded was trying good for fish.

Watershed map from project documents.png

The Day Creek watershed is a significant tributary to the central Skagit River. The 2 meet in an space southwest of Lyman. 

“The buildings as constructed, and as they’ve shifted … are functioning as top quality salmonid habitat,” the letter states.

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